Alzheimer’s disease is an ailment that causes the degeneration of the brain cells, which leads to an improper functioning of the brain. It is a progressive brain condition that destroys the memory and other essential mental abilities. Alzheimer’s disease reveals its symptoms in patients in mid-60s.
Stages of Alzheimer’s Disease
Mild Alzheimer’s Disease
In this stage of Alzheimer’s disease, the infected patients experience serious memory loss. This memory loss can lead to wandering and getting lost, difficulty in handling money, and longer time to complete regular jobs. The patient also experiences changes in his personality and behavior.
Moderate Alzheimer ’s disease
Alzheimer ’s disease at this stage is at its worst as the disease spreads to other areas of the brain that controls the language, reasoning, and conscious thought. The memory loss at this stage is critical and the patient may even find it difficult to recognize his family or friends.
Severe Alzheimer ’s disease
At this stage, plaques and tangles begin to develop in the brain, causing a shrink in the brain tissues. This is the most critical stage of Alzheimer ’s disease and at this stage, the patient can no longer coordinate his activityand must be assisted by an external individual.
- Family history and genetics
- Down syndrome
- Mild cognitive impairment
- Past head trauma
- Lifestyle and heart health
Symptoms of Alzheimer’s disease
1) Memory loss that disrupts daily life
Memory loss is the common symptom of Alzheimer’s disease, especially at its early stage. Patients start experiencing forgetfulness of important dates or events.
2) Challenges in planning or solving problems
An early symptom of Alzheimer’s disease is the continued inability to work with numbers.
3) Trouble understanding visual images and spatial relationships
Vision problems are also a sign of Alzheimer’s Disease. If you start experiencing difficulty in reading or in distinguishing colors, it could be a symptom of Alzheimer’s Disease which could also impose difficulty in driving.
4) New problems with words in speaking or writing
Individuals with Alzheimer’s disease experience difficulty in following conversations. They find it hard to start and end a conversation without repeating words or forgetting in the middle of a discussion.
5) Misplacing things and losing the ability to retrace steps
People with Alzheimer’s disease easily misplace things. They can easily pick an item but find it hard to return it to its original position.
6) Withdrawal from work or social activities
People with Alzheimer’s disease most times find themselves refraining from social activities, gatherings and hobbies.
Treatment of Alzheimer’s disease
There are some approved methods used to manage the symptoms and treatment of Alzheimer’s disease such as memory loss and mental functioning.
1) Maintaining Mental Function
There are numerous approved medications used in tackling Alzheimer’s disease. These drugs work by regulating the neurotransmitters (this is the chemical that facilitates messages between neurons). The action of these drugs helps in reducing the symptoms. It is not a guarantee that these drugs can work effectively on every patient as some people find it effective while others don’t.
2) Managing Behavior
Research is being conducted on possible ways to manage behavioral symptoms such as wandering, agitation, anxiety, and aggression. Managing these behavioral symptoms can bring a huge relief to Alzheimer patients.
Though Alzheimer’s is a deadly disease but an early and right treatment of this disease can save a life. Immediate consult best Neurologists in India for a quick treatment.
Apollo Hospitals is one of the best Alzheimer’s care hospital in India. It has branches in different cities in India. Below is the list of best Alzheimer’s doctors across India.