When the doctors informed my grandfather that he was diagnosed with Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), his first reaction was that it was due to his poor diet habits and changing it would decrease or heal the disease. Even I thought it to be true but the doctor informed us that it is just a popular opinion and there is no scientific data to prove this claim.
The doctor also said that it was not only us with this opinion. Infact, most of the patients he diagnosed believe that IBD arises due to lack of proper diet. Diet can certainly affect some symptoms of IBD but there is no scientific proof that diet habits caused or contributed to IBD. However, once a patient is diagnosed with IBD, taking special care of what to eat, identifying the trigger agents and preparing a diet plan will help in reducing the symptoms and promotes healing.
Today, let’s learn about what to eat and what not to eat when you have IBD. Before that, let’s briefly discuss about what is IBD, its causes and symptoms.
Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is a group of chronic inflammations that affects all or part of your digestive tract. Crohn’s disease and ulcerative colitis are the principal types of inflammatory bowel disease. Crohn’s disease can affect the small intestine, large intestine, mouth, esophagus, stomach and anus whereas ulcerative colitis primarily affects the colon and the rectum.
Symptoms of IBD vary depending on the severity of inflammation and where it occurs. Some of the common signs and symptoms are:
- Fever and Fatigue
- Abdominal Pain
- Blood in stool
- Reduced Appetite
- Weight Loss
Many people believe that IBD is caused due to lack of proper diet and stress. However, there is no scientific or clinical data to prove this claim. Doctors have confirmed that improper diet and stress will aggravate but don’t cause IBD. Immune system malfunction might be one of the causes. But, the exact cause of IBD remains unknown.
What to eat:
There are certain foods that can help you stay wellnourished without aggravating symptoms. Here is a list of foods that should be easy on your digestion.
- Almond milk
- Vegetable soups
- Pureed beans
What not to eat:
- Your trigger food(food that have caused you trouble before)
- Certain highfiber food
- Nuts, seeds and popcorn
- High fat food
- Spicy food
- Caffeine and Alcohol
Each person has his own trigger agents that causes the symptoms to aggravate.
Consult our team of Gastroenterologists at Apollo who are trained and practised in the premier institutes across the world and have more than 15 years of experience in this field. Our endoscopy unit comprises of 6 endoscopy theatres with fully equipped state of the art modern endoscopy machines and accessories. We have dedicated speciality clinics for IBD and IBS treatment. For further details, you can now book appointment online through Apollo Edoc which will ensure zero waiting time.