A common problem detected by gynecologists amongst young women today is PCOS – Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome. This is a disorder that affects not just women’s health, but also their appearance. This disorder gets its name from the small fluid-filled cysts that surround the eggs in the enlarged ovaries of a woman suffering from PCOS.
What causes PCOS?
Experts believe that following are the two causes of PCOS:
- Hormonal imbalances: The excessive increase of androgen, a male hormone also found in women’s bodies, can result in PCOS. High levels of androgen, usually caused by excess insulin in the body, can also impact a woman’s fertility. Since high insulin levels are often caused by unhealthy lifestyles, PCOS is many a time viewed as the outcome of the lethal combination of wrong eating habits and sedentary routine.
- Genetics: If you have had PCOS, you have a higher chance of being afflicted with it too. Genetics play a strong role in the development of PCOS in a woman, and hence it is important to check if any of your female family members have a history of this disorder.
Symptoms of PCOS
PCOS affects both your health as well as aspects of your external appearance. Following are some of the most significant signs and symptoms of PCOS:
- Irregular menstrual cycle
- Significant weight gain
- Development of certain masculine characteristics such as excessive facial and body hair, thinning of the hair on your scalp, reduction in breast size, deep voice, etc.
- Mental health problems such as anxiety or depression, worsened by the appearance of other symptoms, which may cause an individual to have lower self-esteem
- Increased risk of infertility
- Pelvic pain, which could become worse during your menstrual cycle
- Skin problems such as acne and oily skin
Women with PCOS may also suffer from hypertension, diabetes or high cholesterol. While these are not direct symptoms of PCOS, they are a result of the weight gain that accompanies it. Hence, PCOS must never go untreated.
Treatment for PCOS
If you see any of the symptoms associated with PCOS, you should consult a gynecologist immediately. A combination of a prescribed healthy lifestyle combined with medicines will benefit you immensely if you suffer from PCOS.
However, it is important that you do not self-diagnose or self-medicate as the severity of the symptoms and the treatment plan differs from woman to woman. For better advice and expert guidance consult a Gynecologist at Ask Apollo, to deal with this condition better.